Diabetic Foot Care

Caring for the feet is often overlooked by most people apart from cutting toenails from time to time. Out of sight is out of mind with regards to most people and their feet. This attitude is often carried on by people that get diabetes, especially type 2 diabetics. However it is vitally important that they look after their feet. This article will discuss diabetic foot care, why it is important and some guidelines for successful treatment and care.

There are many complications associated with diabetes. These are not directly caused by the disease but are indirect illnesses and diseases that can range from annoying to life threatening. Diabetes affects the blood and because blood travels throughout the body other problems occur.

In terms of the foot, there are two problems that can occur. The first is that the nervous system is affected. This is called peripheral neuropathy and results in nerves becoming damaged. Your entire body can be affected by neuropathy, but the feet and legs generally have the worst symptoms (hence peripheral or outer or extremity). This nerve damage can cause a lose of feeling in the feet. You lose the sensitivity to detect hot and cold or feel normal aches and pains. This is partly why diabetics should check their feet regularly, because the body can’t warn about problems using pain. It also means any problems that go undetected are liable to be untreated and become more infected . Potential small cuts could get aggravated, become bigger or even gangrenous.

Another diabetic complication that affects the feet is poor circulation. The inner walls of blood vessels often become scored by blood high in sugar. This attracts plaque and makes the blood vessels thicker. This means that the circulation of blood is harder. The consistency of blood with high sugar content is also believed to be thicker causing more circulation problems. Blood carries antibodies and nutrients to the body, including the feet. If this circulation is problematic, the extremities are often the most severely impacted. This means that areas of the body like the feet take a longer time to heal.

Thus ongoing treatment and care needs to focus of two aspects. The first is to inspect your feet everyday for any cuts. Keep things like toenails and hard skin (calluses) well trimmed. This should be done by your health care provider. Always wash the feet well and dry them carefully so that dampness doesn’t encourage bacteria to grow.

Preventing any cuts or bruising to occur in the first place is often the best way to deal with diabetic foot problems. Wear shoes and socks that do not aggravate your feet. There are shoes and socks that are designed for diabetes.

Help to circulate the blood in the feet. Simple things like using a footstool to keep them elevated will help. Avoid sitting in positions that may cut off blood supply to the feet, like crossed legs for instance. Do foot exercise every thirty minutes of so. Wiggle the toes, move the feet in a circular motion. Get up from your seat and walk around a bit.

Breast Feeding and Diabetes

“Breast milk is still best for under two years,” the pediatrician says. And a mother must believe it as not only is it advisable for her child’s health, it also lessens the chance of her getting diabetes.

Women who have less chances of suffering from diabetes. A study conducted by the World Health Organization shows that more than 1.5 million babies die because they are not breast-fed. These are babies from third world countries. Their mothers’ health are also in jeopardy that they don’t have enough nutrition or milk in their bodies to save neither themselves nor their babies.

These social workers who train mothers often travel to the developing countries such as Nigeria and teach them the proper way to care for themselves and their babies. Good parenting at a young age would also result to the proper mental development of their baby.

That’s why people must be educated when it comes to how significant breastfeeding is for the infant and the mother. Not only is this good for the baby’s health, it will also have a good effect on the emotional aspect of the mother-child relationship. Breastfeeding is an early form of mother-child bonding that could occur at this young stage of the baby’s life.

Some mothers prefer pumping their milk to a tool because it hurts them when the child bites into their nipples. That must not be the case. It takes some getting use to. Breastfeeding will give the child the nurture, the love and the care that she deserves to have. Activists on the situation are suggesting a movement to a decree that announces neglect on mothers who stop breastfeeding their children who are less than two years old.

There are some mothers who rush on to their routine activities that they prefer the bottle-feeding than breast-feeding. This often applies to a high-powered career woman. As much as possible, she must also fit into her schedule the time for her baby.

Some mothers believe that the good thing about bottled milk is that it has water and breast milk has less. However, breast milk also has water. The water contained in breast milk is in fact healthier for the infant than water that us adults drink. Notice also that babies sleep better after they are breast-fed than after they are bottle-fed.

Breast milk prevents diarrhea. Diarrhea is a ailment that often attacks babies. Developing countries lose a lot of their newly-borns to this illness.

Breast milk also helps the child grow properly making him less prone to infections. The child will also be more brainy because his being breast-fed allowed his brain to develop better.

As for the women, there is a link to diabetes mellitus and breast-feedings. Women who engage in breast-feeding their child will not have diabetes. While they’re feeding their babies, they are lactating. Therefore, the hormones they release in this process protects her against aneamia and cancer.

In short, breast-feed your baby. Not only will you and your child be good in health, you will also have bonding time together. It helps to start educating your child now at a young age because there’s a lot of room for improvement and development. Also, the mother has something to benefit from this process. She wouldn’t have diabetes.

If scheduling is the problem, it’s all about time determination. When your child is about to go to college and off to an Ivy League school, you know your hard work paid off.

Get Information About Diabetes Types And Symptpms

Diabetes is a very serious disease. Left unchecked, it can bring serious consequences including death. Fortunately, it is a disease that can be managed. Unfortunately most of the people who have diabetes do not know that they have it and hence do not treat it till it become very late. If you suspect you have diabetes, it is very important that you get prompt professional attention and to determine whether you suffer from this.

Diabetes mellitus arises when insufficient insulin is produced, or when the available insulin does not function correctly. Without insulin, the amount of glucose in the bloodstream is abnormally high, causing unquenchable thirst and frequent urination. The body’s inability to store or use glucose causes hunger and weight loss.

The tissues and cells that make up the human body are living things, and require food to stay alive. The food cells eat is a type of sugar called glucose. Fixed in place as they are, the body’s cells are completely dependent on the blood stream in which they are bathed to bring glucose to them. Without access to adequate glucose, the body’s cells have nothing to fuel themselves with (a process known as metabolism) and soon die.

Diabetes occurs because some people do not make, or cannot respond to, their natural hormone insulin. Hormones help us control the way our bodies work. Insulin’s specific job is to regulate the body’s use of glucose, our main fuel source. We get glucose, a form of sugar, from the food we eat. It is also made by the liver

What Causes Diabetes

Diabetes (actual name is diabetes mellitus) of any kind is a disorder that prevents the body from using food properly. Normally, the body gets its major source of energy from glucose, a simple sugar that comes from foods high in simple carbohydrates (e.g., table sugar or other sweeteners such as honey, molasses, jams, and jellies, soft drinks, and cookies), or from the breakdown of complex carbohydrates such as starches (e.g., bread, potatoes, and pasta).

The harm caused by diabetes can best be reduced by preventing the onset of Type 2 diabetes. Prevention through the modification of risk factors – particularly through lifestyle changes – is a goal of the National Diabetes Strategy (CDHA, 1999), which was endorsed in 1999 by all State and Commonwealth health ministers. This aim has also been emphasized in the National Service Improvement Framework for Diabetes (NHPAC, 2006a).

Risk Factors for Diabetes Age: All people are vulnerable to the disease throughout their lives. However, the risk is higher as you grow older. There is a gradual increase in susceptibility, with slight peaks at puberty and during pregnancy, until we reach the age of 40. Then there is a rapid jump.

There are several different types of diabetes. Gestational diabetes begins during pregnancy and disappears following delivery. Another type is referred to as juvenile onset diabetes (in children) or Type I (in young adults). These individuals usually develop their disease before age 20. People with Type I diabetes must take insulin by injection every day. Approximately 10 percent of all people with diabetes have Type I (also called insulin dependent diabetes).

Type 2 Diabetes In this type, your pancreas makes some insulin, but not enough. Your cells also can become resistant to insulin’s effects, keeping insulin from escorting enough glucose into your body’s cells. Type 2 diabetes generally develops after age 40.


Diabetes is a disease that affects your body’s ability to produce or use insulin. Insulin is a hormone. When your body turns the food you eat into energy (also called sugar or glucose), insulin is released to help transport this energy to the cells. Insulin acts as a “key.” Its chemical message tells the cell to open and receive glucose. If you produce little or no insulin, or are insulin resistant, too much sugar remains in your blood. Blood glucose levels are higher than normal for individuals with diabetes. There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.
Diabetes is a disease that causes an abnormally high level of sugar, or glucose, to build up in the blood. Type 1 diabetes – previously labeled insulin-dependent, or juvenile, diabetes- is caused by the destruction of cells in the pancreas (an organ located just behind the stomach) that produce the hormone insulin.
* Extreme thirst
* Frequent urination
* Blurry vision
* Extreme hunger
* Increased tiredness
* Unusual weight loss
Although the causes of diabetes are still not completely known, two main types can be differentiated:
Type 1 diabetes:
The pancreas cannot produce sufficient amounts of insulin because the insulin-producing beta cells are destroyed by the body’s immune system. All people with type 1 diabetes must take insulin, either by injection or an insulin pump.
Type 2 diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than Type 1. In this form, the pancreas either does not produce enough insulin or the body does not make proper use of it, resulting in “insulin resistance”. Type 2 diabetes in the beginning can sometimes be managed with exercise and a healthy diet; however, individuals may also need to take additional diabetes pills and/or insulin.
Type 1 (Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus):
Type 1 diabetes is treated with intensive insulin therapy. This type of treatment is designed to achieve near-normal blood sugars safely – while keeping the episodes of low blood sugars (”insulin reactions”) to a minimum. Insulin therapy includes:
* Multiple Daily Injections of Insulin (Flexibility is important!).
* Use of Insulin Pens or Pumps.
* Use of new type of insulin: Lispro or Humalog (extremely fast-acting) – replaces regular insulin.
Type 2 (Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus):
The treatment used in treating type 2 diabetes will be based on the physiological defects experienced by the patient. The three most common problem areas are: the pancreas, the liver and the muscle.
* Pancreas: Abnormal response to meals.
* Liver: Abnormal sugar production.
* Muscle: Abnormal lack of sensitivity to insulin.
Diabetes is one of the most common disorders in which either the pancreas produces insufficient amounts of the hormone insulin or the body cells become resident to the hormone’s effects.
1. Eat green vegetables, coriander, cucumber, cabbage, coconut, chenopodium album (bathu), creeper of pumpkin, cucumber, cabbage, bitter guard, carrot, tomato, lemon, radish, onion and ginger.
2. Eat fiber rich food like apple, figs, guava, lemon and orange. Grains rich in fibers are barley, oatmeal, maize, wheat flour, jowar, bajra, whole wheat, rice flakes, refined wheat flour (without husk) and puffed rice. Other sources of fiber are coriander seeds, cumin seeds, dry pepper and turmeric.
3. Soak 90-100 seeds in 250 gms of water in the evening. Mash them in morning, sieve in a cloth and drink mixture regularly. Take daily for two months to cure diabetes.
4. Take juice of bilva and parijataka leaves in equal parts for natural remedy of diabetes. Take two teaspoons of it twice a day.
5. Eat grapefruits regularly for diabetes natural remedy.
6. Boil 3-4 fresh leaves of mango tree in the morning and drink. It is also very effecting in curing diabetes.
7. Take soyabean in diet. It does not contain sugar and is a good source of energy for diabetes.
8. Do regular exercises to reduce the chances of developing coronary artery disease and also improves control over diabetes.
9. Avoid exertion and always try to stay free from tension.
10. Avoid sweets, chocolates, rice, banana, grapes, mangoes, dry fruits, oils, cakes and pastries.
11. Drink half-cup karela (bitter gourd) juice daily. It is an effective natural home remedy for diabetes.
12. Avoid drinking alcohol (including beer, gin, wines and whisky).
13. Lower your fat intake for obese diabetic patients. Do regular morning walk and exercises to reduce weight.
14. Avoid infections, burns and injuries as they develop ketosis in such stressful conditions.
Since antiquity, diabetes has been treated with plant medicines. Recent scientific investigation has confirmed the efficacy of many of these preparations, some of which are remarkably effective. Only those herbs that appear most effective, are relatively non-toxic and have substantial documentation of efficacy are covered here.
Pterocarpus marsupium (Indian Kino, Malabar Kino, Pitasara, Venga):
This herb has a long history of use in India as a treatment for diabetes. The flavonoid, (-)-epicatechin, extracted from the bark of this plant has been shown to prevent alloxan-induced beta cell damage in rats.
Both epicatechin and a crude alcohol extract of Pterocarpus marsupium have actually been shown to regenerate functional pancreatic beta cells. No other drug or natural agent has been shown to generate this activity.
Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia):
Bitter melon, also known as balsam pear, and has been used extensively in folk medicine as a remedy for diabetes. The blood sugar lowering action of the fresh juice or extract of the unripe fruit has been clearly established in both experimental and clinical studies.
Bitter melon is composed of several compounds with confirmed anti-diabetic properties. Charantin, extracted by alcohol, is a hypoglycemic agent composed of mixed steroids that is more potent than the drug tolbutamide which is often used in the treatment of diabetes. Momordica also contains an insulin-like polypeptide, polypeptide-P, which lowers blood sugar levels when injected subcutaneously into type 1 diabetic patient. The oral administration of 50-60 ml of the juice has shown good results in clinical trials.
Gymnema Sylvestre (Gurmar, Meshasringi, Cherukurinja):
Gymnema assists the pancreas in the production of insulin in Type 2 diabetes. Gymnema also improves the ability of insulin to lower blood sugar in both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. It decreases cravings for sweet. This herb can be an excellent substitute for oral blood sugar-lowering drugs in Type 2 diabetes. Some people take 500 mg per day of gymnema extract.
Onion and Garlic (Allium cepa and Allium sativum):
Onion and garlic have significant blood sugar lowering action. The principal active ingredients are believed to be allyl propyl disulphide (APDS) and diallyl disulphide oxide (allicin), although other constitutents such as flavonoids may play a role as well.
Onion extract was found to reduce blood sugar levels during oral and intravenous glucose tolerance. The effect improved as the dosage was increased; however, beneficial effects were observed even for low levels that used in the diet (eg. 25 to 200 grams). The effects were similar in both raw and boiled onion extracts. Onions affect the hepatic metabolism of glucose and/or increase the release of insulin, and/or prevent insulin’s destruction.
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum):
Experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated the antidiabetic properties of fenugreek seeds. The active ingredient responsible for the antidiabetic properties of fenugreek is in the defatted portion of the seed that contains the alkaloid trogonelline, nicotinic acid and coumarin.
Blueberry leaves (Vaccinium myrtillus):
A decoction of the leaves of the blueberry has a long history of folk use in the treatment of diabetes. The compound myrtillin (an anthocyanoside) is apparently the most active ingredient. Upon injection it is somewhat weaker than insulin, but is less toxic, even at 50 times the 1 g per day therapeutic dose. A single dose can produce beneficial effects lasting several weeks.
Asian Ginseng:
Asian ginseng is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat diabetes. It has been shown to enhance the release of insulin from the pancreas and to increase the number of insulin receptors. It also has a direct blood sugar-lowering effect.
A recent study found that 200 mg of ginseng extract per day improved blood sugar control as well as energy levels in Type 2 diabetes (NIDDM).
Bilberry may lower the risk of some diabetic complications, such as diabetic cataracts and retinopathy.
Stevia has been used traditionally to treat diabetes. Early reports suggested that stevia might have beneficial effects on glucose tolerance (and therefore potentially help with diabetes), although not all reports have confirmed this. Even if stevia did not have direct antidiabetic effects, its use as a sweetener could reduce intake of sugars in such patients.
Ginkgo Biloba:
Ginkgo biloba extract may prove useful for prevention and treatment of early-stage diabetic neuropathy.
This herb has been used traditionally to treat diabetes. Triples insulin’s efficiency

Plz also visit:http://www.herbsandcures.com

Diabetes is growing by 3 percent each year for children and youth

November 14 is celebrated each year as Children’s Day and World Diabetes Day. This year the theme is “Diabetes in children and youth”. Let me take this opportunity to write about diabetes in children.
Diabetes is one of the most common diseases that affect children. It can strike children of any age, even toddlers and babies. If not detected during early childhood, the disease can have deadly consequences or result in serious damage to the brain. Diabetic child is often completely overlooked. This is the time miss-diagnosed as flu or doctors fail to diagnose it at all. Every parent, teacher, doctor involved in child care should be familiar with the warning signs and be alert to the threat.
The warning signs are Frequent urination, Excessive thirst, Increased hunger, Weight, Fatigue, Lack of interest and concentration, Blurred vision, Vomiting and abdominal pain (often mistaken as the flu).
In children with type 2 diabetes, the symptoms may be moderate or not. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes: Diabetes occurs as a result of problems in production and supply of the hormone insulin in the body. The body needs insulin to use energy that is stored in food. When a person has diabetes their body cannot create insulin (Type 1diabetes) or their bodies cannot use the insulin made effectively (type 2diabetes).
Type 1 diabetes is most common type of diabetes in children. However, as a result of increasing childhood obesity and always lifestyles, type 2 diabetes is also increasing rapidly in children and youth. In some countries type 2diabetes has become the most common type of disease in children.
Type 2 diabetes in children is probably under-diagnosed because it may have no symptoms. To prevent Type 2 diabetes in children, emphasis should be laid on physical activity, less frequent activities such as television and views of a healthy diet. If diabetes is diagnosed, paying close attention to all cardiovascular risk factors, as well as prevention is important. We need to fit in the modern industrial city on a healthy way. Diabetes is a serious health problem and expensive and there is much that can do to reduce its impact. The earliest description of diabetes from the Philippines to 2,500 years ago and the role of obesity, frequent behaviour and dietary factors are known in ancient times. What is needed now is concerted public health action against the risk factors for diabetes.
We can do our bit to prevent diabetes and other diseases. Food for children with diabetes is a minor consideration. A dietician will be able to tell you more but it is certain essential that your child has a healthy, balanced diet, high in complex carbohydrates and fibre. It is necessary to be careful Sweets but it need not be 100 per cent from the menu. Some of the foods planning of goals for children with diabetes are the same as for other children. They must eat food that will help them have good general health, normal growth and a healthy weight. But children with diabetes also have to balance their carbohydrate intake with their insulin and activity levels to maintain their levels of blood sugar under control. In addition, children with diabetes should also eat foods that help maintain the level of lipids or fats in the blood (such as Cholesterol and triglycerides) in a healthy range. Food this way may help prevent some of the long-term health problem that can cause diabetes. These days, with huge amounts of food choices, we need to teach them to read the labels of food, especially the carbohydrate content. They must understand the serving size and how to change one food for another.
Children with diabetes face the same challenges of food everyone – largely sticking to healthy eating habits over time. It can be difficult with so many temptations, so it is important to prepare food that your child enjoys. The food may make you plan vary depending on your child’s diabetes, but to help your child Dietician, you can tailor meals to planning your child’s food preferences and eating habits.

Alarming Facts About Diabetes: This Growing Epidemy

Diabetes is a serious disease. If diabetes is not well controlled, it causes serious damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart.

Diabetes is a serious disease. But the startling truth is that diabetes is reversible. Diabetes is the number one cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This disease is a condition where the body is unable to automatically regulate blood glucose levels, resulting in too much glucose (a sugar) in the blood. Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects as many as 16 million Americans.

1. According to UN, 246 million people are living with diabetes and 44 million Indians are diabetic. About 5 to 6% of diabetic patients are suffering from Juvenile (Type 1) diabetes.

2. Nearly all patients who are suffering from Type 1 diabetes for 20 years have traces of diabetic retinopathy, which is one of the root cause of blindness.

3. 80% of the people don’t take abnormal glucose level in blood seriously.

Diabetes is divided into two major groups. Type 1 diabetes is one of the most common childhood diseases. Type 1 Diabetes is called Juvenile Diabetes as the onset of it begins in childhood. Type 2 diabetes is most common form of diabetes, accounting for 90% of cases. They concluded that most cases of type 2 diabetes is preventable by choosing a healthier lifestyle. The problem, in a nutshell, is that type 2 diabetes is not a simple disease caused by a single gene. The best way to control type 2 diabetes is with diet and exercise.

Why diabetes is becoming an epidemic – opinion from Diabetologists

• Diabetes is a silent, painless disease, that’s why symptoms of diabetes are often ignored, and the disease remains untreated. Doctors recommend that you need to pay attention to diabetes and cholesterol symptoms so that you can start change of life style.

• Sedentary lifestyle is the biggest villain and the cause for diabetes.

There has been a great deal of buzz about stem cell research and diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes is more common than Type 1 Diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a life-long disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. Conditions associated with type 2 diabetes include hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. Type 2 diabetes may account for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Up to two-thirds of people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms. Obesity is the single most important risk factor for type 2 diabetes. An estimated 20% of all cases of new onset type 2 diabetes are in individuals between the ages of 9-19. The more you know about type 2 diabetes, the more you’ll be able to take the right steps to take control of your condition.

Causes of Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed among children or young adults, and is caused when the pancreas no longer produces insulin because the body’s immune system has malfunctioned and attacked the cells that are responsible for insulin production.

It is estimated that 70000 children under 15 years of age develop type 1 diabetes each year.

What is Type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes on the other hand is a condition resulting from high blood sugar. It is normally found among obese people over the age of 40. The most alarming is that nowadays, even obese children as young as eight to nine years old, go on to develop Type-2 diabetes as that age.

What is the relationship between insulin resistance and diabetes. Insulin resistance can occur long before the onset of type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance is an important marker of diabetes risk. You can counter insulin resistance through modest weight loss and exercise. It is now generally accepted that insulin resistance and ß-cell dysfunction are major factors involved in the development of diabetes. Some scientists think a defect in specific genes may cause insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.

What endocrinologists have suggested to control diabetes?

1. Eat less, eat right and eat on time
2. Sleep on time, work while you work and play while you play.

Are You Overweight but Do Not Have a Diabetes Diagnosis? You Are Lucky! Part 2

A road to avoid
If patients with pre-diabetes lose between 5 and 7% of their weight and they exercise half an hour every day, five days a week, the risk for developing diabetes type 2 Mellitus can be lowered by 60 percent in 3 years.

In Part I of these two articles I indicated that obesity is the major risk factor for Diabetes Type 2, also known as Diabetes Mellitus. To understand how obesity can take you to a diagnosis of diabetes type 2, let us check a few facts.

The first thing you need to be aware of is that obesity is what ignites the spark. The extra fat accumulated in your fat cells releases cytokines, a kind of proteins that cause inflammation. In particular, the abdominal fat and the one found around your internal organs such as the liver, the heart, etc, are the ones associated with inflammation, indicates Dr. Brent Wisse at the Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle.

According to Dr. Wisse, the cells that form the fat tissue secrete a number of molecules that seem to send signals to your body parts; these molecules start the inflammatory process. These signals in turn cause resistance to insulin, a state where the glucose in the blood cannot get into the cells. Therefore, inflammation within your fat tissue may be a first step which results in diabetes and atherosclerosis.

As you can see, there is a relationship between obesity, the inflammatory process, and the appearance of resistance to insulin. These three factors are associated with a risk increase for developing diabetes type 2 or diabetes mellitus.

As insulin resistance increases, your body cells panic because they are not getting their food, glucose, and thinking the problem is not enough insulin in the blood, they call the pancreas to produce more, so that glucose can enter the cells. Obediently, the pancreas releases more insulin into the blood which does no good because the fat cells refuse to let glucose enter. Eventually, these irregularities cause the glucose level in the blood to go up after meals although at this stage it still remains normal before meals.

All this commotion causes the general level of glucose in the blood to go up little by little. Finally the pancreas gets exhausted with this back and forth glucose business and can not produce enough insulin to keep the glucose in the blood within normal levels. Of course, this process does not happen overnight; it may take between 5 and 10 years in an adult and the end result is pre-diabetes. The same process goes much faster in children.

When the pancreas cannot satisfy the demand for insulin, glucose in the blood will reach levels where your doctor will diagnose diabetes type 2. At this point, patients need oral medication to lower the glucose in the blood, help the system to release more insulin, and reduce insulin resistance.

With time, the production of insulin decreases even more and many patients with diabetes type 2 need insulin shots to control glucose. If the resistance to insulin continues for a long time, oral medication plus insulin shots could be necessary.

As you may also know, diabetes can lead to heart and kidney complications as well as nerve damage in the legs and the eyes. Most patients with diabetes die of heart attacks, a powerful reason to follow a balance diet that protects your heart.

I hope your understanding of how obesity can lead to diabetes mellitus type 2 helps you take the necessary measures to prevent this terrible disease. And if you are serious about losing weight, please, don’t embark in a crazy diet that offers you miracles in a few weeks because chances are it may not be a healthy diet and you will get those lost pounds back quite soon. Get yourself acquainted with the sound principles of healthy diets available to you. A good alternative is a Mediterranean diet since throughout many centuries this diet has protected the people of the Mediterranean basin from obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and many other chronic diseases.

Major Complications of Diabetes

It is always better to know and prevent a disease than to have it. This article discusses the complications of diabetes. One can avoid these complications by the yearly (or half-yearly) checkup of eyes, kidney, heart and feet by the qualified specialists so that these complications, if present, can be diagnosed at an early stage and effectively treated before it becomes too late.

Acute Complications of Diabetes

Hypoglycemia – Hypoglycemia is defined as a condition in which there is blood glucose concentration of less than 45 mg/dl. Sweating, trembling, hunger, confusion drowsiness, in-coordination and nausea are some of the symptoms of hypoglycemia.

The common causes are unpunctual or inadequate meals, unexpected or unusual exercise and ingestion of alcohol. Patients should be taught that if unusual exercise is anticipated the preceding dose of insulin should be reduced and extra carbohydrate ingested. All patients taking insulin should carry with them glucose tablets.

Ketoacidosis – Any form of stress, particularly an acute infection or neglect of treatment due to carelessness can lead to ketoacidosis. There is intense thirst and polyuria. Constipation, muscle cramps and altered vision are common. Hyperventilation with low blood pressure and acetone may be smelt in the breath and finally it may lead to coma. Glycosuria and ketonuria would be present. Blood glucose levels may be as high as 360-720 mg/dl and low plasma bicarbonate and blood pH.

The condition should be treated with the utmost urgency in hospital. Intravenous fluid replacement is required since, even when the patient is able to swallow, fluids given by mouth may be poorly absorbed. If 6 to 8 units of insulin per hour is given, blood glucose level comes down. 13-20 mMol of potassium per 0.51 infusion fluid should be started from the outset. Intracellular fluid is replaced once the blood glucose has fallen below 250 mg/dl by infusing glucose solution. Intensive medical care is needed and the blood glucose, pH, electrolytes and ketones have to be monitored, hourly at first.

Long Term Complications of Diabetes

A diabetic person cannot make normal use of sugar, and so sugar builds up in the blood. The kidneys discharge some of the excess sugar in the urine. In severe cases of diabetes, fats and proteins cannot also be used normally.

The type 1 diabetes strikes some people so suddenly that the lack of insulin causes an emergency condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. There is excess urination, thirst, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and difficulty in breathing. If the patient is not treated promptly, he may go into diabetic coma with fatal results.

In type 2 diabetes, the patient has normal or even above normal production of insulin. But their bodies do not respond efficiently to the insulin. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are excessive urination, great thirst, hunger and loss of weight and strength.

Complications of Diabetes

It is very important to take care of diabetes as improper care can give rise to several complications. If the blood sugar level is kept under control, one can prevent many health problems. Many people come to know of their diabetes only when they develop one of its complications.

1. The structural and functional abnormalities of diabetic complications are the glycation of structural proteins and the production of advanced glycation end products with their deposition in various tissues.
2. Most patients with type 2 diabetes also tends to be obese and hypertensive.
3. Angina is a long term complication of diabetes.
4. Difficulty in walking with chronic ulceration of feet due to diabetic neuropathy and also diabetic microangiopathy and diabetic nephropathy due to small blood vessel disease.
5. Diabetic patients are at higher risk of developing atheroscelerosis.
6. Wound healing is delayed in diabetics because of neuropathy, and hyperglycaemia.
7. Intermittent claudication and gangrene due to atherosclerosis
8. Blindness due to diabetic retinopathy
9. Diabetes affects the blood vessels, the blood and the heart.
10. Cardiac failure is also another long term complication of diabetes.

I hope this article has covered some of the long term complications of diabetes. Knowing these complications will help you to prevent them.

Control your blood glucose level for more controlled life!

Diabetes Symptoms and Dietary Guidelines

As per Ayurveda, the features of diabetes (madhumeha) are the sweetness of urine, weakness, boils, gangrene and drowsiness. Diabetes is a very common disease that can not be completely cured but can be managed (controlled) if proper care is taken. There are mainly two types of diabetes – type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes (Insulin dependent or Juvenile diabetes) – The symptoms of type 1 diabetes occur suddenly. The major symptoms of insulin dependent diabetes are excessive thirst; frequent urination; sudden weight loss, for no apparent reason; weakness, drowsiness or exhaustion; sudden vision changes or blurred vision; nausea and vomiting.

Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes (Non-insulin dependent or Adult-onset diabetes) – The symptoms of type 2 diabetes occur gradually. The major symptoms of non-insulin dependent diabetes are any of the symptoms listed for type 1; tingling or numbness in hands or feet; itching of the skin and genitals; recurring of hard-to-heal skin, gum or urinary tract infections.

Risk factors for Diabetes

People at high risk include the following –

1. Heredity factors – Diabetes appears to have an inherited genetic tendency.
2. People over forty years – Type 2 diabetes is most common in middle and old age.
3. Overweight – The chance of developing type 2 diabetes doubles with every 20% excess weight. It is believed that excess body fat prevents insulin from working properly.

Dietary Guidelines for Diabetes

1. Sour fruits like tomatoes, jamun, oranges, pineapple and makoy are beneficial.
2. Curd made from cow’s milk is highly recommended in diabetes.
3. Do not take cereals, sugar and sugar preparations.
4. Take diet with a relatively low proportion of carbohydrates.

How to Manage Diabetes? – 388

Once diabetes develops, its cure is not possible. The disease may be so mild that the person may not need either insulin or medicine or even marked dietetic restrictions. A well controlled diabetic can look forward to a normal or a near normal life for many years. To control diabetes, below are some useful guidelines that every diabetic should know.

1. If there is a history of diabetes in the family, it is advisable to have an annual checkup to rule out diabetes. Blood sugar test one and a half hours after a heavy breakfast or lunch is a useful screening test. However, it is desirable to do a glucose tolerance test at an early stage to detect diabetes.

2. For those already diabetic, a periodic checkup is necessary to monitor one’s diabetes. This should include daily urine tests at home, and at least once a month, a blood sugar test is a reliable laboratory. Also, it is mandatory that once a year, a checkup of eyes, kidney, heart and feet is done by qualified specialists so that these complications, if present, can be diagnosed at an early stage and effectively treated before it becomes too late.

3. All diabetic patients need a suitable diet. In the case of many, especially those with an excess weight, it can be controlled by diet alone. In addition to diet, some need insulin and others can be treated with oral drugs. A combination of insulin and oral drugs may be useful at times. Exercise is an important part of the treatment of diabetes.

4. You should always aim to keep your blood sugar under control. It is also desirable to keep your body weight at the optimum level. Additionally, you should also frequently keep your blood pressure, as well as the serum cholesterol and triglycerides, the two fats in the blood, under control. This will greatly reduce the risk of developing diabetes complications, and help the diabetic live a long and healthy life.

Natural Health Solutions As Natural Cure For Diabetes

Natural cure for diabetics has been recommended in preference to regular insulin based treatment by many leading medical professionals. A renowned Norwegian Endocrinologist, with a record of treating more than 18,000 diabetic patients declared – “My experience with type 2 diabetic patients is that a balanced low glycemic diet coupled with a healthy lifestyle can reverse the disease.

Reversing the diabetes is very much contested by everybody connected to this field but we cannot deny that patients, who have regulated dietary habits and also exercising regularly, are capable of living normally like others without aggravating the condition of diabetes. The only precaution they have to take is monitoring their blood sugar levels and adjusting the intake of medicines as per doctor’s advice.

Over and above the medicines and injections of penicillin, very good control of diabetes has been reported with the herbal treatments. Natural herbs are very potent and do not cause any bad side effects. Fiber rich foods and green vegetables consumption has been found to be highly successful. Soaking 100 grams of Cumin seeds in a glass of water and kept overnight and next morning, filtering out the seeds and drinking the water has been found to give excellent reduction in levels of blood glucose. No doubt this is a natural cure for diabetes.

It is essential that for getting a natural cure for diabetes, the patients have to abstain themselves from highly processed junk foods and lean towards natural alternatives. In a study conducted in England on 11,000 women in the high-risk diabetic category, those with a high magnesium intake were less susceptible to diabetes. Dark green leafy vegetables, nuts, avocados and whole grain are excellent sources of Magnesium. It is recommended that diabetic patients should learn which foods are to be consumed for glucose level control.

Nature is also very kind in giving mankind the Bitter Melon, which is also known as bitter gourd, bitter cucumber, kerela and karolla. It is rich in iron, potassium and beta carotene. Other vital ingredients are vitamins B1, B2, B3 and C besides fiber and phosphorous. Needless to say, from the cost factor point of view, it is negligible.

Bitter melon is used all over the world in the treatment of diabetes. It contains a compound, which has a similar chemical structure like insulin. Researches have shown that when taken continuously over a period of time, it has the ability to substitute the insulin in the body. It also contains charantin, a steroid saponin, peptides and certain alkaloids which effectively control sugar level in the blood. Thus bitter melon comes under the category of free diabetic supplies by Mother Nature.

For free diabetic supplies, a variety of governmental and non-governmental programs are there to help them in health care expenses. It will be good idea for diabetic patients and their caretakers to study thoroughly the relevant provisions in governmental publications about Medicare, and Medicare Basics. Through the Medicare website also they can get a thorough grasp on the subject of getting free diabetic supplies.

Vitamins available from various natural sources also help in controlling blood sugar level of the patient and hence are a natural cure for diabetes. Vitamin A, B 6, B12 and Vitamin C have been found useful as diabetic cures. With the help of testing facilities, if diabetes is detected in early stages, these vitamins will stop further degradation of other vital organs
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